Species

Error message

  • Deprecated function: Methods with the same name as their class will not be constructors in a future version of PHP; species has a deprecated constructor in require() (line 5 of /mnt/web118/c2/77/51582777/htdocs/drupal/modules/hymis_core/hymis_core.module).
  • Deprecated function: Methods with the same name as their class will not be constructors in a future version of PHP; tree has a deprecated constructor in require() (line 6 of /mnt/web118/c2/77/51582777/htdocs/drupal/modules/hymis_core/hymis_core.module).
  • Deprecated function: Methods with the same name as their class will not be constructors in a future version of PHP; catalogue has a deprecated constructor in require() (line 3 of /mnt/web118/c2/77/51582777/htdocs/drupal/modules/hymis_core/hymis_speciessheet.inc).

Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758

Apis mellifica syriaca Butt.-Reep.. - Friese, 1916 (distribution); Friese, 1921 (distribution).
Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758:576, sex not indicated. - Kuhlmann, (listed); Cockerell, 1899 (distribution); Cockerell, 1903 (distribution); Cockerell, 1906 (distribution); Cockerell, 1934 (distribution); Bischoff, 1937 (distribution); Michener, 1947 (distribution); Wolcott, 1948 (distribution); Krombein, 1953 (distribution); Michener, 1954 (distribution); Alayo, 1970 (distribution); De Zayas, 1982 (distribution); Ayala, 1988 (distribution); Hohmann, H. et al., 1993 (distribution); Maes, 1993 (distribution); Rasmont, P. et al., 1995 (distribution); Estrada de Léon & Ayala Barajas, 1995 (distribution); Schwarz et al., 1996 (distribution); Fowles, A.P., 1996 (distribution); Schwarz et al., 1996:189 (listed); Amiet, F., 1996:23 (listed); Fellendorf, M. et al., 1999 (distribution); Pascarella et al., 1999 (distribution); Banaszak, 2000 (distribution); Dathe, H.H., 2001 (distribution); Fernández et al., 2001 (distribution); Dathe, H.H., 2001:146 (distribution); Bieri, 2002 (distribution); Fernández Triana et al., 2002 (distribution); Starr & Hook, 2003 (distribution); Smith-Pardo, 2003 (distribution); Portuondo Ferrer & Fernández Triana, 2004 (distribution); Genaro, 2004 (distribution); Gonzalez & Engel, 2004 (distribution); Borges et al., 2005 (distribution); Rivero, 2006 (distribution); Straka et al., 2007 (distribution); Smith-Pardo & Gonzalez, 2007 (distribution); Genaro, 2008 (distribution); Genaro & Franz, 2008 (distribution); Perez-Gelabert, 2008 (distribution); Gogala, 2009 (distribution); Dathe, H.H., 2009 (distribution); Frago et al., 2010 (distribution); Hall & Ascher, 2010 (distribution); Hall & Ascher, 2011 (distribution); Tomozei, B., 2012 (distribution); Gibbs, 2012 (distribution); Bush & Madden, 2013 (distribution); Owens et al., 2018 (distribution); León-Burgos et al., 2019 (distribution); Perez-Gelabert, 2020 (distribution). - As Apis mellifera mellifera: Pagliano, G., 1995 (distribution).
Apis mellifica Linnaeus, 1761:421, sex not indicated. - Guérin-Méneville, 1857 (distribution); Cresson, 1865 (distribution); Saussure, 1868 (distribution); Cresson, 1872 (distribution); Dewitz, 1881 (distribution); Kirby, 1884 (distribution); Gundlach, 1887 (distribution); Fox, 1891 (distribution); Fox, 1893 (distribution); Ashmead, 1900 (distribution); Friese, 1902 (distribution); Friese, 1916 (distribution); Rohwer & Holland, 1917 (distribution); Friese, 1921 (distribution); Schwarz et al., 1996:189 (listed as synonym of Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758); Amiet, F., 1996:23 (listed as synonym of Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758).
Apis mellifera ligustica Spinola, 1806:35, sex not indicated. - Cockerell, 1901 (distribution); Cockerell, 1906 (distribution); Cockerell, 1906 (distribution); Cockerell, 1910 (distribution); Cockerell, 1923 (distribution); Cockerell, 1949 (distribution); Pagliano, G., 1995 (distribution).
Apis mellifica remipes Gerstäcker, 1862:61. - Mitchell, 1962:545 (listed as synonym of Apis mellifera Linnaeus, 1758).
Apis mellifera sicula Grassi, 1880. - Pagliano, G., 1995 (distribution).
Apis mellifera iberiensis Engel, 1995. - Ortiz-Sánchez, F.J., 2006 (distribution).

Sponsorship

Literature

  • Alayo, P.D. (1970) Catálogo de los Himenopteros de Cuba. 1-218.
  • Amiet, F. (1996) Insecta Helvetica: Apidae, 1. Teil. Allgemeiner Teil, Gattungsschlüssel, die Gattungen Apis, Bombus und Psithyrus. 1-98, Neuchâtel.
  • Ashmead, W.H. (1900) Report upon the aculeate Hymenoptera of the islands of St. Vincent and Grenada, with additions to the parasitic Hymenoptera and a list of the described Hymenoptera of the West Indies. Transactions of the Entomological Society of London pt. II: 207-367.
  • Ayala, R. (1988) Abejas silvestres (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) de Chamela, Jalisco, México. Folia Entomológica Mexicana 77: 395-493.
  • Banaszak, J. (2000) A checklist of the bee species (Hymenoptera, Apoidea) of Poland with remarks on their taxonomy and zoogeography: revised version. Fragmenta Faunistica 43 (14): 135-193.
  • Bieri, S. (2002) Bienen und Wespen des Fürstentums Liechtenstein. 1-160.
  • Bischoff, H. (1937) Hymenoptera aculeata (excl. Formicidae und Halictinae) von den Kanarischen Inseln. Commentat. biol. 6 (10): 1-3.
  • Borges, P.A.V., K. van Achterberg, R.R. Askew, K. Zwakhals, O. Oliveira & A.M.C. Santos (2005) Hymenoptera. In: (Ed.). A list of the terrestrial fauna (Mollusca and Arthropoda) and flora (Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Spermatophyta) from the Azores. 218-221.
  • Bush, S.P. & H. Madden (2013) Preliminary checklist of the bees of St. Eustatius, Lesser Antilles (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila). Insecta Mundi 0298: 1-3.
  • Cockerell, T.D.A. (1899) Catálogo de las Abejas de Mexico. 1-20, Biblioteca Agricola de las Secretaria de Fomento, Mexico.
  • Cockerell, T.D.A. (1901) Contributions from the New Mexico Biological Station. - X. Observations on bees collected at Las Vegas, New Mexico, and in the adjacent Mountains. II. Annals and Magazine of Natural History ser. 7 (7): 125-131.
  • Cockerell, T.D.A. (1903) A catalogue of the bees of California. Psyche 10: 74-78.
  • Cockerell, T.D.A. (1906) New Rocky Mountain bees, and other notes. The Canadian Entomologist 38 (5): 160-166.
  • Cockerell, T.D.A. (1906) The bees of Florissant, Colorado. Bull. American Mus. Nat. Hist. 22: 419-455.
  • Cockerell, T.D.A. (1906) The bees of New Mexico. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 32: 289-314.
  • Cockerell, T.D.A. (1910) Some bees from Eldora, Colorado. Psyche 17 (6): 244-247.
  • Cockerell, T.D.A. (1923) Expedition of the California Academy of Sciences to the Gulf of California in 1921. The bees (I). Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences ser. 4: v. 12 (7): 73-103.
  • Cockerell, T.D.A. (1934) Records of Western bees. American Museum Novitates 697: 1-15.
  • Cockerell, T.D.A. (1949) Bees from Central America, principally Honduras. Proceedings of the United States National Museum 98 (No. 3233): 429-490.
  • Cresson, E.T. (1865) On the Hymenoptera of Cuba. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Philadelphia 4: 200 pp.
  • Cresson, E.T. (1872) Hymenoptera Texana. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 4: 153-292.
  • Dathe, H.H. (2001) Apidae. In: Dathe, H., A. Taeger & S.M. Blank (Ed.). Verzeichnis der Hautflügler Deutschlands (Entomofauna Germanica, Band 4). 143-155.
  • Dathe, H.H. (2009) Order Hymenoptera, superfamily Apoidea Families Colletidae, Andrenidae, Halictidae, Melittidae, Megachilidae and Apidae. In: van Harten, A. (Ed.). Arthropod fauna of the UAE. 335-432.
  • De Zayas, F. (1982) Sección Oligoneoptera - Orden Hymenoptera - Orden Strepsiptera. 1-111, Ciudad de la Habana.
  • Dewitz, H. (1881) Hymenopteren von Portorico. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 25: 197-208.
  • Ebmer, A.W. (1999) Rote Liste der Bienen Kärntens (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Apoidea). 15: 239-266.
  • Esser, Fuhrmann & Venne (2010) Rote Liste und Gesamtartenliste der Wildbienen und Wespen (Hymenoptera: Apidae, Crabronidae, Sphecidae, Ampulicidae, Pompilidae, Vespidae, Tiphiidae, Sapygidae, Mutillidae, Chrysididae) Nordrhein-Westfalens. Ampulex 2: 5-60.
  • Estrada de Léon, M. & R. Ayala Barajas (1995) Abejas silvestres (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) de la Sierra del Tigre, Jalisco. Apicultura Moderna 7: 12-24.
  • Fellendorf, M., C. Mohra, S. Roberts, P. Wirtz & G. van der Zanden (1999) The bees of Madeira (Hymenoptera, Apoidea). Bocagiana 197: 1-17.
  • Fernández T., J.L., G. Garcés G., E. Portuondo F., P. Valdés T. & I. Expósito E. (2001) Insectos asociados con flores de malezas del Jardín Botánico de Santiago de Cuba, con énfasis en Hymenoptera. Rev. Biol. Trop. 49 (3-4): 1013-1026.
  • Fernández Triana, J.L., H. Saríol, M.A. Vega Castillo, S. Ricardo & M. González (2002) Datos preliminares sobre la biodiversidad del orden Hymenoptera en la provincia Granma, Cuba. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomólogica Aragonesa 31: 43-48.
  • Fitzpatrick, Ú., T.E. Murray, A. Byrne, R.J. Paxton & M.J.F. Brown (2006) The conservation of Bees in Ireland. 1-38.
  • Fowles, A.P. (1996) A provisional checklist of the invertebrates recorded from Wales. 2. Aculeate wasps, bees and ants (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). 1-57.
  • Fox, W.J. (1891) On a collection of Hymenoptera made in Jamaica during April, 1891. Transactions of the American Entomological Society 18: 337-348.
  • Fox, W.J. (1893) Report on some mexican Hymenoptera, principally from lower California. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences ser.2 (4): 1-25.
  • Frago, E., Portuondo Ferrer, E., Fernández Triana, J.L., Sariego, O. & Garcés Fonseca, J. (2010) Entomofauna del Parque Nacional 'Desembarco del Granma', Cuba Suboriental. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomólogica Aragonesa 46: 355-362.
  • Friese, H. (1902) Beitrag zur Apidenfauna der grossen Antillen. Zeitschrift für systematische Hymenopterologie und Dipterologie 1-2: 196-201.
  • Friese, H. (1916) Beitrag zur Bienenfauna der Kleinen Antillen und der Bermudas. Zoologische Jahrbücher Suppl. 11: 34-40.
  • Friese, H. (1916) Zur Bienenfauna von Costa Rica. Stettiner Entomologisch Zeitung 77: 287-348.
  • Friese, H. (1921) Nachtrag zur Bienenfauna von Costa Rica. Stettiner Entomologisch Zeitung 82: 74-98.
  • Genaro, J.A. (2004) Las abejas de la isla de la Juventud, Cuba (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). Boletín de la Sociedad Entomólogica Aragonesa 34: 177-179.
  • Genaro, J.A. (2008) Origins, composition and distribution of the bees of Cuba (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila). Insecta Mundi 52: 1-16.
  • Genaro, J.A. & N. Franz (2008) The bees of Greater Puerto Rico (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila). Insecta Mundi 40: 1-21.
  • Gibbs, J. (2012) A new species of Habralictus Moure from Dominica, Lesser Antilles (Hymenoptera, Halictidae). ZooKeys 168: 1-12.
  • Gogala, A. (2009) Bee fauna of Slovenia: checklist of species (Hymenoptera: Apoidea). .
  • Gonzalez, V.H. & M.S. Engel (2004) The tropical Andean bee fauna (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Apoidea), with examples from Colombia. entomologische Abhandlungen 62 (1): 65-75.
  • Guérin-Méneville, M.F.E. (1857) Animaux Articulés. 1-868, Arthus Bertrand, Paris.
  • Gundlach, J. (1887) Apuntes para la fauna Puerto-Riqueña. Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural 16 (1): 115-199.
  • Hall, H.G., & J.S. Ascher (2010) Surveys of bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) in natural areas of Alachua County in North-Central Florida. Florida Entomologist 93 (4): 609-629.
  • Hall, H.G., & J.S. Ascher (2011) Surveys of wild bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) in organic farms of Alachua County in north-central Florida. Florida Entomologist 94 (3): 539-552.
  • Hohmann, H., La Roche, F., Ortega, G. & Barquin, J. (1993) Bienen, Wespen und Ameisen der Kanarischen Inseln (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Aculeata) I. Vröff. Übersee-Museum Bremen (Naturwiss) 12 (I-III): 14-712.
  • Kirby, W.F. (1884) On the Hymenoptera collected during the recent expedition of H.M.S. 'Challenger.'. Annals and Magazine of Natural History Ser. 5 (13): 402-413.
  • Krombein, K.V. (1953) The wasps and bees of the Bimini Island Group, Bahamas, British West Indies (Hymenoptera: Aculeata). American Museum Novitates 1633: 1-29.
  • León-Burgos, A.F., J.I. Murillo-Pacheco, D. Bautista-Zamora & J. Quinto (2019) Insectos benéficos asociados a plantas arvenses atrayentes en agroecosistemas del Piedemonte de la Orinoquia Colombiana. Cuadernos de Biodiversidad 56: 1-14.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1758) Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Secundum Classes, Ordines, Genera, Species, Cum Characteribus, Differentiis, Synonymis, Locis. Tomus I. Editio Decima Reformata. [4] + [5] + 823 + [1] p.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1761) Fauna Suecica. 578 pp, Laur. Salvii 1st Edn, Stockholm.
  • Maes, J.-M. (1993) Catalogo de los Apoidea (Hymenoptera) de Nicaragua. Rev. Nica. Ent. 26: 11-30.
  • Michener, C.D. (1947) Bees of a limited area in southern Mississippi (Hymenoptera; Apoidea). The American Midland Naturalist 38 (2): 443-455.
  • Michener, C.D. (1954) Bees of Panamá. Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist 104 (1): 1-176.
  • Mitchell, T.B. (1962) Bees of the Eastern United States. Volume II. Technical bulletin (North Carolina Agricultural Experiment Station) 152: 1-557.
  • Ortiz-Sánchez, F.J. (2006) Lista preliminar de los Apoidea (Hymenoptera) de Andalucia (sur de la Penínscula Ibérica). Acta Granatense 4/5: 17-39.
  • Owens, B.E., L. Allain, E.C. van Gorder, J.L. Bossart & C.E. Carlton (2018) The bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of Louisiana: An updated, annotated checklist. Proc. Entomol. Soc. Wash. 120 (2): 272-307.
  • Pagliano, G. (1995) Hymenoptera Apoidea. In: Minelli A., Ruffo S. & La Posta S. (Ed.). Checklist delle specie della fauna italiana. 1-25.
  • Pascarella, J.B., Waddington, K.D. & Neal, P.R. (1999) The Bee Fauna (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) of Everglades National Park, Florida and adjacent areas: Distribution, Phenology, and Biogeography. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 72 (1): 32-45.
  • Perez-Gelabert, D.E. (2008) Arthropods of Hispaniola (Dominican Republic and Haiti): A checklist and bibliography. Zootaxa 1831: 1-530.
  • Perez-Gelabert, D.E. (2020) Checklist, bibliography and quantitative data of the arthropods of Hispaniola. Zootaxa 4749: 1-668.
  • Portuondo Ferrer, E. & J.L. Fernández Triana (2004) Biodiversidad del orden Hymenoptera en los macizos montañosos de Cuba oriental. Boletín de la Sociedad Entomólogica Aragonesa 35: 121-136.
  • Rasmont, P., P.A. Ebmer, J. Banaszak & G. van der Zanden (1995) Hymenoptera Apoidea Gallica. Bulletin de la Société entomologique de France 100 (hors série): 1-98.
  • Rivero, A. (2006) Estudios de diversidad de insectos en la región Jibacoa-Hanabanilla. Macizo Guamuhaya. Centro Agrícola año 33 (no. 2. abr.-jun.): 49-56.
  • Rohwer, S.A. & W.J. Holland (1917) List of the Hymenoptera collected on the Isle of Pines by G. A. Link, Sr., 1912-1913, and contained in the Carnegie Museum. Annals of the Carnegie Museum 11: 291-296.
  • Saure, C. (1999) Bienen, Wespen und Ameisen (Insecta: Hymenoptera) im Großraum Berlin. Verbreitung, Gefährdung und Lebensräume. Beitrag zur Ökologie einer Großstadt. 1. überarbeitete Fassung, Februar 1998. In: Köppel, C., E. Rennwald & N. Hirneisen (Ed.). Rote Listen auf CD-ROM. Deutschland, Österreich, Schweiz, Liechtenstein, Südtirol. Vol. 1: Mitteleuropa. Ausgabe 1 (Stand 30.06.1998). .
  • Saussure, H.de (1868) Hymenoptera. Familien der Vespiden, Sphegiden, Pompiliden, Crabroniden und Heterogynen. In: Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte Novara um die Erde. 1857–1859. Zoologischer Theil. part 1. 138 pp., 4 pl, Wien.
  • Schwarz, M., F. Gusenleitner, P. Westrich & H. Dathe (1996) Katalog der Bienen Österreichs, Deutschlands und der Schweiz (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Entomofauna Suppl. 8: 1-398.
  • Smith-Pardo, A. (2003) A preliminary account of the bees of Colombia (Hymenoptera: Apoidea): present knowledge and future directions. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 76 (2): 335-341.
  • Smith-Pardo, A. & V.H. Gonzalez (2007) Diversidad de abejas (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) en estados sucesionales del bosque húmedo tropical. Acta biol. Colomb. 12 (1): 43-56.
  • Spinola, M. (1808) Insectorum Liguriae species novae aut rariores, quas in agro Ligustico nuper detexit, descripsit, et iconibus illustravit. Tom II. 262 pp, 5 pl., Genova.
  • Starr, C.K. & Hook, A.W. (2003) The aculeate Hymenoptera of Trinidad, West Indies. Occasional Papers o the Department of Life Sciences, University of the West Indies 12: 1-31.
  • Straka, J., P. Bogusch & A. Pridal (2007) Apoidea: Apiformes (včely). In: Bogusch, P., J. Straka & P. Kment (Ed.). Annotated checklist of the Aculeata (Hymenoptera) of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. 241-299.
  • Tomozei, B. (2012) Bees of Romania. .
  • Westrich, P., H.R. Schwenninger, M. Herrmann, M. Klatt, M. Klemm, R. Prosi & A. Schanowski (2000) Rote Liste der Bienen Baden-Württembergs (3., neu bearbeitete Fassung, Stand 15. Februar 2000). Naturschutz-Praxis, Artenschutz 4: 1-48.
  • Westrich, P., U. Frommer, K. Mandery, H. Riemann, H. Ruhnke, C. Saure & H. Voith (2008) Rote Liste der Wildbienen Deutschlands (Hymenoptera, Apidae) (4. Fassung, Dezember 2007). Eucera 1: 33-87.
  • Wolcott, G.N. (1948) The insects of Puerto Rico. The Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico 32 (4): 749-975.